Q3 2020 Putnam Global Income Trust Q&A
- Global risk assets performed well for most of the quarter amid consistent investor demand.
- Corporate credit holdings and prepayment strategies aided the fund’s relative performance, but these benefits were more than offset by adverse currency positioning.
- While recent data have shown recovery in key sectors of the global economy, we believe it will take an extended period to fully overcome the damage caused by the pandemic.
How did the fund perform for the three months ended September 30, 2020?The fund’s class Y shares gained 2.12%, trailing the 2.66% return of the benchmark Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Bond Index.
What was the market environment like during the third quarter of 2020?Risk assets broadly gained in July and August, though a surge in COVID-19 infection rates, mixed economic data, and heightened geopolitical tensions stoked increased volatility. Positive earnings reports from several sectors, vaccine developments, and supportive policy — including a historic stimulus package passed by the European Union — generally supported risk appetites. A shift in the U.S. Federal Reserve’s inflation framework — which would enable the Fed to allow inflation to exceed its 2% target and further support the economy — contributed to investor optimism.
Risk assets pulled back moderately in September, partly due to increased global economic concerns stemming from an upsurge in virus cases in Europe. Fading hope for another U.S. stimulus package and uncertainty surrounding upcoming U.S. elections also weighed on investor sentiment.
Credit spreads tightened during the quarter. Meanwhile, interest rates were range bound, with the yield on the benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury note finishing the quarter at 0.68%, close to where it began.
Reflecting investor demand for risk, high-yield corporate credit outpaced investment-grade corporate bonds and the broad investment-grade fixed-income market. Emerging-market [EM] debt also performed well, but gained only about half as much as high-yield credit in U.S.-dollar terms. Accordingly, more defensive areas of the market lagged, including U.S. government securities and agency mortgage-backed bonds.
Which holdings and strategies aided the fund’s relative outperformance?Our corporate credit holdings — primarily investment-grade bonds — helped the most this quarter. Following a sizable tightening of spreads in the second quarter, spreads continued to compress in the third quarter. [Spreads are the yield advantage credit-sensitive bonds offer over comparable-maturity U.S. Treasuries. Bond prices rise as spreads tighten and decline as spreads widen.]
Strategies targeting prepayment risk also meaningfully contributed, led by our mortgage basis positioning. Mortgage basis is a strategy that seeks to exploit the yield differential between 30-year agency pass-throughs and 30-year U.S. Treasuries. The strategy added value as spreads on agency pass-throughs tightened throughout the quarter [meaning their prices rose relative to Treasuries]. Positions in agency credit-risk transfer securities [CRT] provided a further boost.
Within our mortgage credit holdings, allocations to commercial mortgage-backed securities [CMBS] — both IOs and cash bonds — benefited from improving supply-and-demand dynamics.
EM debt also aided relative results, primarily positions in the Dominican Republic, Brazil, and Mexico. As noted above, the sector rallied in step with healthier risk dynamics and demand for higher-yielding securities.
What about detractors?The fund’s active-currency strategies accounted for most of its relative underperformance for the quarter. This was almost entirely due to short positions in the euro and British pound in July, as both currencies strengthened significantly versus the U.S. dollar during that time. [Short positions in foreign currencies benefit if the currencies weaken versus the U.S. dollar.]
The fund’s interest-rate and yield-curve positioning modestly dampened performance this quarter. The portfolio was positioned to benefit if the U.S. yield curve flattened in August. However, the curve steepened during that time.
What is your near-term outlook?Recent data have shown recovery in key sectors of the global economy, including manufacturing, housing, and consumer spending. However, the service sector continues to be constrained by the limitations resulting from the pandemic. We expect this trend to continue until a vaccine becomes widely available.
We are not anticipating a V-shaped economic recovery. While we expect intervals of rapid growth, we believe it will take an extended period of time for the global economy to fully recover from the damage done by the mobility restrictions spawned by the pandemic. Also, renewed virus outbreaks are likely to constrain the service sector and limit growth.
How was the fund positioned as of September 30?We think measures by the Fed and other central banks to shore up marketplace liquidity amid the COVID-19 crisis may keep U.S. interest rates range bound for an extended period of time. As a result, we plan to keep the fund’s duration relatively close to that of its benchmark. In our view, having a portfolio duration greater than the benchmark [greater interest-rate sensitivity] in the current environment is not an effective hedge against credit risk within the portfolio.
We have a relatively positive medium-term outlook for corporate credit. While acknowledging the risks mentioned above, we believe there are factors that will be supportive for the U.S. corporate credit market. These include demand for comparatively higher yields in the face of much lower yields globally. Also, investors know that the Fed is prepared to provide further support to the market via its bond purchase facilities if necessary. So far, the central bank has invested only a small portion of the $750 billion earmarked for corporate debt purchases. However, knowing that the Fed stands ready to step in if needed has provided an important boost to market sentiment. As of quarter-end, the fund was modestly underweight investment-grade debt. Our emphasis here continues to be on security selection.
COVID-19 created significant headwinds for the CMBS market due to the negative impact on commercial real estate. That said, during the quarter, we began to see some improvement in higher-rated cash bonds. We continue to have conviction in the fund’s CMBX positions, which we believe fairly compensate investors for current risk levels. [CMBX includes a group of tradeable indexes that reference a basket of 25 CMBS issued in a particular year.]
Within the residential mortgage market, we believe the agency CRT sector directly benefits from the efforts of the federal government, as well as government-sponsored enterprises such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, to keep people in their homes. We also believe the dislocations that occurred in March have been mitigated by U.S. monetary and fiscal policy and the gradual reopening of the economy. Consequently, we continue to find value in various segments of the CRT market as well as in the non-agency residential mortgage-backed market.
In non-U.S. sovereign debt, we continue to favor countries that we believe have responded effectively to COVID-19. We also like countries with younger populations and those with more-favorable prospects for economic growth, as well as reasonably effective debt management.
In prepayment-sensitive areas of the market, despite a recent increase in refinancing activity leading to faster prepayment speeds on underlying securities, we continue to find value in agency interest-only collateralized mortgage obligations and inverse IOs backed by more seasoned collateral. We also believe IO securities structured from reverse mortgages continue to offer value.
For informational purposes only. Not an investment recommendation.
This material is provided for limited purposes. It is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument, or any Putnam product or strategy. References to specific asset classes and financial markets are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be, and should not be interpreted as, recommendations or investment advice. The opinions expressed in this article represent the current, good-faith views of the author(s) at the time of publication. The views are provided for informational purposes only and are subject to change. This material does not take into account any investor’s particular investment objectives, strategies, tax status, or investment horizon. Investors should consult a financial advisor for advice suited to their individual financial needs. Putnam Investments cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any statements or data contained in the article. Predictions, opinions, and other information contained in this article are subject to change. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and Putnam assumes no duty to update them. Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks, and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. As with any investment, there is a potential for profit as well as the possibility of loss.
Diversification does not guarantee a profit or ensure against loss. It is possible to lose money in a diversified portfolio.
Consider these risks before investing: International investing involves certain risks, such as currency fluctuations, economic instability, and political developments. Investments in small and/or midsize companies increase the risk of greater price fluctuations. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk, which means the prices of the fund’s bond investments are likely to fall if interest rates rise. Bond investments also are subject to credit risk, which is the risk that the issuer of the bond may default on payment of interest or principal. Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds, which may be considered speculative. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have ongoing fees and expenses. Lower-rated bonds may offer higher yields in return for more risk. Funds that invest in government securities are not guaranteed. Mortgage-backed securities are subject to prepayment risk. Commodities involve the risks of changes in market, political, regulatory, and natural conditions. You can lose money by investing in a mutual fund.
Putnam Retail Management.