Active Income

Tax Exempt Income Fund (Class A)  (PTAEX)

Seeking a high level of tax-free income since 1976

Highlights

Seeking a high level of tax-free income since 1976

The fund seeks as high a level of current income exempt from federal income tax as we believe to be consistent with preservation of capital.

Strategy and process

  • Tax-advantaged income: The fund pursues income free from federal income tax with a portfolio of municipal bonds selected from many states and market sectors.
  • Focus on performance: The portfolio managers seek a competitive yield and to protect investor's capital through careful investment analysis and risk management.
  • A diversified portfolio: A broadly diversified portfolio enables the managers to pursue current tax-free income opportunities while managing risk and seeking to preserve capital.

Fund price

Yesterday’s close 52-week high 52-week low
Net asset value $8.87
0.00% | $0.00
$8.94
08/28/19
$8.31
11/06/18
Historical fund price

Fund facts as of 06/30/19

Total net assets
$944.28M
Turnover (fiscal year end)
42%
Dividend frequency (view rate)
Monthly
Number of holdings
429
Fiscal year-end
September
CUSIP / Fund code
746870104 / 0009
Inception date
12/31/76
Category
Tax-free Income
Open to new investors
Ticker
PTAEX

Management team

Portfolio Manager
Portfolio Manager


Manager commentary | Q2 2019

Muni fundamentals remain stable

Portfolio Managers Paul Drury and Garrett Hamilton discuss fundamentals in the municipal bond market.


Literature


Munis feel knock-on effects of tax reform
The municipal bond market will likely see a reduction in supply in 2018 because of certain provisions in the new tax reform law.

Performance

Consistency of positive performance over five years

Performance represents 5-year returns in rolling quarter-end periods since inception.

Performance shown above does not reflect the effects of any sales charges. Note that returns of 0.00% are counted as positive periods. For complete fund performance, please see below.

22.07%

Best 5-year annualized return

(for period ending 12/31/86)


-1.95%

Worst 5-year annualized return

(for period ending 12/31/81)


6.90%

Average 5-year annualized return


  • Total return (%) as of 09/30/19

  • Annual performance as of 09/30/19

Annualized Total return (%) as of 09/30/19

Annualized performance 1 yr. 3 yrs. 5 yrs. 10 yrs.
Before sales charge 8.84% 3.36% 3.67% 4.22%
After sales charge 4.49% 1.96% 2.83% 3.80%
Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index 8.55%3.19%3.66%4.16%

Current performance may be lower or higher than the quoted past performance, which cannot guarantee future results. Share price, principal value, and return will vary, and you may have a gain or loss when you sell your shares. Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes. Returns before sales charge do not reflect the current maximum sales charges as indicated below. Had the sales charge been reflected, returns would be lower. Returns at public offering price (after sales charge) for class A and class M shares reflect the current maximum initial sales charges of 5.75% and 3.50% for equity funds and Putnam Multi-Asset Absolute Return Fund, 4.00% and 3.25% for income funds and 2.25% and 0.75% for Putnam Floating Rate Income Fund, Short-Term Municipal Income, Short Duration Bond Fund, and Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund, respectively. Class B share returns reflect the applicable contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC), which is 5% in the first year, declining to 1% in the sixth year, and is eliminated thereafter (except for Putnam Floating Rate Income Fund, which is 3% in the first year, declining to 1% in the fourth year, and is eliminated thereafter). Class C shares reflect a 1% CDSC the first year that is eliminated thereafter. Performance for class B, C, M, N, R, and Y shares prior to their inception is derived from the historical performance of class A shares, adjusted for the applicable sales charge (or CDSC) and, except for class Y shares, the higher operating expenses for such shares (with the exception of Putnam Tax-Free High Yield Fund and Putnam AMT-Free Municipal Fund, which are based on the historical performance of class B shares). Returns at public offering price (after sales charge) for class N shares reflect the current maximum initial sales charge of 1.50%. Class R5/R6 shares, available to qualified employee-benefit plans only, are sold without an initial sales charge and have no CDSC. Class Y shares are generally only available for corporate and institutional clients and have no initial sales charge. Performance for Class R5/R6 shares before their inception are derived from the historical performance of class Y shares, which have not been adjusted for the lower expenses; had they, returns would have been higher. Class A and M shares of Putnam money market funds have no initial sales charge. For a portion of the periods, some funds had expense limitations or had been sold on a limited basis with limited assets and expenses, without which returns would be lower.

Performance snapshot

  Before sales charge After sales charge
1 mt. as of 09/30/19 -0.69% -4.66%
YTD as of 10/11/19 7.60% 3.29%

Yield

Distribution rate before sales charge
as of 10/11/19
2.62%
Distribution rate after sales charge
as of 10/11/19
2.52%
30-day SEC yield as of 09/30/19
(after sales charge)
1.45%

Risk-adjusted performance as of 06/30/19

Sharpe ratio (3 yrs.) 0.44
Information ratio (3 yrs.) 0.15

Volatility as of 06/30/19

Standard deviation (3 yrs.) 3.04%
Beta 0.89
R-squared 0.97

Lipper rankings as of 06/30/19

Time period Rank/Funds in category Percentile ranking
1 yr. 73/275 27%
3 yrs. 67/238 29%
5 yrs. 88/208 43%
10 yrs. 78/168 47%
Lipper category: General & Insured Municipal Debt Funds

Morningstar Ratings as of 06/30/19

Time period Funds in category Morningstar Rating
Overall 147
3 yrs. 147
5 yrs. 131
10 yrs. 111
Morningstar category: Muni National Long

Distributions

Accrual days 28
Accrual start date 09/03/19
Accrual end date 09/30/19
Payable date 09/30/19
Non-taxable income $0.018121477
Extra taxable income --

Lipper rankings are based on total return without sales charge relative to all share classes of funds with similar objectives as determined by Lipper. Past performance is not indicative of future results.

The Morningstar RatingTM for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

The up-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has risen. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the up-market, and multiplying that factor by 100. The down-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has dropped. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the down-market and multiplying that factor by 100.


Holdings

Top 10 holdings as of 06/30/19

Sc Transprtn-2003b 02.0500 10/01/2031 2.07%
New York St Thruway-A 04.0000 02/01/2020 1.71%
Henrico Indl-Reg Link 05.9290 08/23/2027 1.40%
N Tx Twy Cab-Ref-I 06.5000 01/01/2043 1.30%
Miami-Dade Cnty Rev 05.0000 10/01/2040 1.25%
California St-B-Txbl 02.1930 04/01/2047 1.20%
Ky Pub Energy-C-1 04.0000 12/01/2049 1.14%
Dallas Area Rapid-A 05.0000 12/01/2046 1.11%
Ms Business Fin-Ref 02.5000 04/01/2022 1.07%
Centrl Plains Energy 05.0000 03/01/2050 0.98%
Top 10 holdings, percent of portfolio 13.23%

Portfolio composition as of 06/30/19

Municipal bonds and notes 100.34%
Cash and net other assets -0.34%

Fixed income statistics as of 06/30/19

Average stated maturity 18.30 yrs.
Average effective maturity 6.24 yrs.
Option adjusted duration 6.34 yrs.
Duration to worst 4.84 yrs.
Average yield to maturity 3.45%
Average coupon 4.53%
AMT exposure 13.53%

Quality rating as of 06/30/19

AAA 2.72%
AA 27.40%
A 53.08%
BBB 13.75%
BB 1.41%
B 0.41%
Not Rated 1.57%
Cash and net other assets -0.34%

Fund characteristics will vary over time.

Due to rounding, percentages may not equal 100%.

Consider these risks before investing: Capital gains, if any, are taxable for federal and, in most cases, state purposes. For some investors, investment income may be subject to the federal alternative minimum tax. Income from federally tax-exempt funds may be subject to state and local taxes. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. Tax-exempt bonds may be issued under the Internal Revenue Code only by limited types of issuers for limited types of projects. As a result, the fund's investments may be focused in certain market segments and be more vulnerable to fluctuations in the values of the securities it holds than a more broadly invested fund. Interest the fund receives might be taxable. The value of investments in the fund's portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political or financial market conditions, investor sentiment and market perceptions, government actions, geopolitical events or changes, and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry or sector. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund's portfolio holdings. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

Credit qualities are shown as a percentage of net assets. A bond rated BBB or higher (SP-3 or higher, for short-term debt) is considered investment grade. This chart reflects the highest security rating provided by one or more of Standard & Poor's, Moody's, and Fitch. Ratings may vary over time. Cash and net other assets, if any, represent the market value weights of cash, derivatives, and short-term securities in the portfolio. The fund itself has not been rated by an independent rating agency.

Top industry sectors as of 06/30/19

Transportation 20.66%
Health care 14.32%
Utilities 13.28%
State Debt 9.40%
Special Tax 8.44%
Education 7.06%
Financials 7.03%
Local Debt 5.85%
Other 3.71%
 
Other
10.25%
Industrials 3.53%
Prerefunded 2.26%
Land 1.99%
Tobacco 1.73%
Housing 1.08%
Cash and net other assets -0.34%

Sectors will vary over time.


Expenses

Expense ratio

Class A Class B Class C Class M Class R6 Class Y
Total expense ratio 0.77% 1.40% 1.55% 1.05% 0.53% 0.55%
What you pay 0.77% 1.40% 1.55% 1.05% 0.53% 0.55%

Sales charge

Investment Breakpoint Class A Class B Class C Class M Class R6 Class Y
$0-$49,999 4.00% 0.00% 0.00% 3.25% -- --
$50,000-$99,999 4.00% 0.00% 0.00% 2.25% -- --
$100,000-$249,999 3.25% -- 0.00% 1.25% -- --
$250,000-$499,999 2.50% -- 0.00% 1.00% -- --
$500,000-$999,999 0.00% -- -- -- -- --
$1M-$4M 0.00% -- -- -- -- --
$4M-$50M 0.00% -- -- -- -- --
$50M+ 0.00% -- -- -- -- --

CDSC

  Class A (sales for $500,000+) Class B Class C Class M Class R6 Class Y
0 to 9 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- --
9 to 12 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- --
2 yrs. 0.00% 4.00% 0.00% -- -- --
3 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- --
4 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- --
5 yrs. 0.00% 2.00% 0.00% -- -- --
6 yrs. 0.00% 1.00% 0.00% -- -- --
7+ yrs. 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -- -- --

The Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index is an unmanaged index of long-term fixed-rate investment-grade tax-exempt bonds. You cannot invest directly in an index.

Consider these risks before investing: Capital gains, if any, are taxable for federal and, in most cases, state purposes. For some investors, investment income may be subject to the federal alternative minimum tax. Income from federally tax-exempt funds may be subject to state and local taxes. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. Tax-exempt bonds may be issued under the Internal Revenue Code only by limited types of issuers for limited types of projects. As a result, the fund's investments may be focused in certain market segments and be more vulnerable to fluctuations in the values of the securities it holds than a more broadly invested fund. Interest the fund receives might be taxable. The value of investments in the fund's portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political or financial market conditions, investor sentiment and market perceptions, government actions, geopolitical events or changes, and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry or sector. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund's portfolio holdings. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

Credit qualities are shown as a percentage of net assets. A bond rated BBB or higher (SP-3 or higher, for short-term debt) is considered investment grade. This chart reflects the highest security rating provided by one or more of Standard & Poor's, Moody's, and Fitch. Ratings may vary over time. Cash and net other assets, if any, represent the market value weights of cash, derivatives, and short-term securities in the portfolio. The fund itself has not been rated by an independent rating agency.