Seeking sustainability excellence that can drive outperformance

Our sustainable investing approach aims to identify the connections between companies and the world’s sustainability challenges. We develop a set of forward-looking themes by focusing on investment-relevant issues.

Idea map  |  Forward-looking themes

Our forward-looking investment themes are grounded in fundamental research and show how companies are connected to global sustainability priorities. We outline three overarching thematic categories, which continue to evolve as our research unlocks new ideas.

Three overarching categories

Materiality map  |  Investment relevance

We make our research investment-relevant by focusing on financially material environmental, social, and governance ESG issues. Inspired by the work of the Sustainable Accounting Standards Board (SASB), we have developed a tool — the Materiality Map — to structure our research priorities.

Materiality map of ESG investment relevance

Our sustainability research focuses on three overarching categories

Putnam’s Sustainable Investing team organizes its research to identify the connections between companies we can invest in and the world’s evolving sustainability challenges.

Zoom in on the three categories of sustainable investing
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Human health and well-being

Thriving People™

Environmental health and resource stewardship

Thriving Planet™

Equity and access to opportunity and resources

Thriving Public™

Thriving People Human health and well-being Preventive care Solutions for acute needsTreatments for chronic diseaseTelemedicine and digital access to carePersonalized diagnostics and treatmentAR and VR therapiesRoboticsGenetic therapiesPlant-based medicineNon-invasive therapies Food and nutritionExercise and fitnessMental health, emotional, spiritual wellnessHuman and pet relationshipsSleep!

Medical treatment


Thriving Planet Environmental health Nature-based solutions Circular economy Planetary health Decarbonization Proteins, microbes, enzymes, and fungiBioengineeringBiomaterialsBioenergyNatural ingredients Soil healthOcean healthAir qualityWater quality and accessBiodiversity and ecosystems health Materials innovationSupplier partnershipsRecycling and re-useDesign for durability and re-use Renewable energyEnergy storageCarbon capture Regenerative land useBiodynamic practicesNatural crop treatmentsIrrigation solutionsPrecision agriculture


Sustainable Agriculture


Thriving Public Equity and access Efficiency and effectiveness Stakeholderwellness Security anddata privacy Precisiontechnology Sharedinfrastructure Logistics and marketing Equity and ethos Access andopportunity Diversity, equity, inclusion, and justiceCommunity and connectionSupported work conditions Transport and distribution solutionsPackaging innovationPersonalized advertisingAsset-light productionInfrastructure for small business Automation, sensing, and repairPrecision agriculture Custom design and manufacturingBlockchain technologiesAdditive manufacturing Healthcare and nutritionEducation and informationFinancial securityMeaningful and decent work Employee well-beingSupplier standards and stewardshipValue to customersBenefits to communities Cloud computingData integrationShared transportationShared real estate Physical safetyData security and privacyData use

Access and opportunity

Security and
data privacy

Mapping Putnam investment categories to the UN SDGs

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (listed in the far left columns of the tables below) serve as a guide to the world's most important sustainability priorities. Here we show the connections between our investment themes and the SDG framework. As more companies link their own operating activities to the SDG framework, we expect this type of analysis to extend and deepen over time.

Mapping investment categories to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals